X-ray diagnostics (radiodiagnostics) is the examination of internal structures of the human body by various methods using X-rays. In our Medical Center dental practice, we use the following methods for diagnostics and control of treatment quality:
It implies obtaining the image of a small area of the jaw on a film or RVG sensor (radiovisiography imaging system). This method is sometimes called spot radiography. The advantages of the method are its affordability and the lowest effective dose as compared to other types of X-ray examination. The disadvantages include certain discomfort for a patient during the sensor or film placement in the oral cavity and notable loss of the diagnostic data quality as a result of even the slightest mistake made during the examination process.
This method implies obtaining the image of the skull in frontal or lateral projection, which makes it possible for a doctor to examine the structure of dentoalveolar apparatus, to identify the disorders and to prognose the effect of the treatment at its stages. These analytical data (cephalometry) are necessary for elaborate orthodontic treatment.
Cone-beam computed tomography
This type of examination provides three-dimensional data, which makes this method free of disadvantages of radiography, since there are no superimpositions and distortions of the projection that are typical for two-dimensional examinations. Radiation exposure at CBCT is higher as compared to other X-ray examinations made for dental purposes. However, it provides incomparably more reliable information. Moreover, the state-of-the-art equipment allows to decrease an effective dose to its minimum by reducing the dimensions of the examination area and changing exposition parameters according to the purpose of examination.
Panoramic tomography (orthopantomography)
The method allows to obtain the image of the elements of dentoalveolar apparatus with the help of a special unit – an orthopantomograph. It provides general information on the condition of teeth and bone tissue of the jaws with relatively minimal radiation exposure. However, in many cases, the superimpositions and distortions of the projection reduce the reliability of the information obtained and complicate the analysis of the image.
Interdisciplinary Dental Center named by Y. V. Opanasiuk
01133, Kyiv, Pecherskiy district 44-B Y.Konovalets str.